Электронный научный журнал

ГЕРОНТОЛОГИЯ
«GERONTOLOGY» Scientific Journal

КЛИНИЧЕСКАЯ ГЕРОНТОЛОГИЯ

FEATURES OF SURGICAL AND ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES IN GERONTOLOGICAL PATIENTS. LITERATURE REVIEW.

Polyansky M.B.1, Gorelik S.G.2
1. OBUZ "Kursk Oncological Scientific Clinical Center named after G.E. Ostroverkhova" Kursk
2. Belgorod State University, Belgorod
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Summary:
All over the world there is a clear tendency, which is manifested in an increase in the number of people in older age groups. Gerontological patients have features of the functioning of the immune system, such as a decrease in the activity of the immune response, a tendency to immunodeficiency states, a higher incidence of autoimmune diseases, a decrease in the effectiveness of immunization, and pronounced age-related involution of the thymus. Due to a decrease in immunological reactivity, clinical manifestations and diagnosis of surgical and oncological diseases will have specific features, such as: blurring of the clinical manifestations of the disease, a higher incidence of destructive, complicated forms of the disease, often not typical changes in laboratory parameters, "mutual burden syndrome" , high operational and anesthetic risk, longer rehabilitation, an increase in the number of postoperative complications and unfavorable outcomes.
Keywords aging, age features, immune status, scale CGA, oncopathology

Bibliographic reference:
Polyansky M.B., Gorelik S.G., FEATURES OF SURGICAL AND ONCOLOGICAL DISEASES IN GERONTOLOGICAL PATIENTS. LITERATURE REVIEW. // «GERONTOLOGY» Scientific Journal. - 2019. - №4;
URL: http://gerontology.su/magazines?textEn=319 (date of access: 15.10.2021).

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